Tips: No matter what kind of landscape plants are used for drainage, it is best to use non-woven geotextiles for proper drainage!
Today, let us talk about what is the geotextile drainage fabric, and the best landscape fabric for drainage, it is a kind of non-woven fabric, also called needle punch fabric, usually produced by polyester called PET or polypropylene called PP materials. The non-woven drainage fabric can be made in different thicknesses, feels, textures and hardness. For example, the polyester fabric is much softer than the PP ones. The non-woven geotextile for drainage is measured by weight, in the market, it is from 100g per sqm to 800g per sqm, different weight is for different applications, like landscape fabric for drainage use 100g, 150g, 200g, 250g, and 300g. For higher weight, more used for civil engineering construction.
If there are no special project requirements, non-woven geotextiles are undoubtedly the best choice for drainage applications, where water flow (permeability) is the main problem. Non-woven landscape fabrics are often used in French drainage ditches, drainage fields, and erosion control.
Woven geotextile and non-woven geotextile. Please continue to read the following content to finally determine which one is more suitable for your project application.
Geotextile Landscape Fabrics: Woven VS Non-Woven Landscape Fabric
Application of Non-Woven Geotextile:
Non-woven geotextiles are made of polyester filaments or polyester staple fibers that are arranged in a honeycomb shape through different machinery and equipment and processing techniques. After needle piercing and other processing techniques, different chemical fibers are intertwined, entangled, and fixed to make the textile specifications. To make the textile soft, plump, strong, and hard to exceed different thicknesses. Considering the application requirements, non-woven geotextiles have very good textile voids and very good adhesion and separation, because chemical fibers are soft and have the necessary resistance Tear workability, together with very good deformation adaptability, together with very good floor plan drainage pipe workability, soft surface with many gaps and very good friction resistance, which can improve the adhesion workability of coarse-grained soil, etc., and can avoid fineness The particulate matter removes unnecessary water together by blocking the outflow of fine particulate matter, and the surface layer is soft and has a very good maintenance ability. According to the length of the used silk, it is divided into polyester non-woven geotextile or short-filament non-woven geotextile. They can all have very good filtering, protection, reinforcement, safety protection, and other functions. It is this kind of used geosynthetic material. The compressive strength of the polyester yarn is higher than that of short yarn, which can be selected and applied according to actual regulations.
Application of Woven Geotextile:
Woven geotextiles are composed of at least two rows of cotton yarns or paper-plastic products with parallel sides. A group of yarns traveling along the longitudinal direction of the loom is called warp yarns, and the horizontal arrangement of the second component is called weft yarns. The warp yarn and the weft yarn are interlaced together with different fixed knitting and hand-knitting machines and processing techniques to weave a cloth shape, which can be woven into different thicknesses and compaction according to different applications areas. Usually, spinning geotextiles are thinner and. All have the equal of strong compressive strength, the longitude exceeds the latitude, and have very good reliability. Spun geotextiles are divided into two types: reinforced geotextiles and unreinforced geotextiles according to different hand-woven processing technology and the application of Jingwei. The warp compressive strength of reinforced geotextiles far exceeds that of general geotextiles. Woven geotextiles are usually used in specific applications and geotechnical construction projects to enhance reinforcement. The key role is to improve the structural reinforcement to have the protection and maintenance of the floor plan. The drainage pipes that do not have the floor plan can be selected according to the actual application purpose.
Geotextile and non-woven fabric are two different concepts in spinning and weaving fabrics:
1. Geotextile is a kind of cloth divided according to use, and the non-woven fabric is divided according to the production process.
2. Non-woven fabric refers to the manufacturing process that does not need weaving, while geotextile refers to the use of geotechnical engineering.
Geotextile, also known as geotextile, is a permeable geosynthetic material made of synthetic fibers through needle punching or weaving. The finished product is cloth-like, with a width of 4-6 meters and a length of 50-100 meters. Geotextiles are divided into woven geotextiles and nonwoven geotextiles. Geotextile has excellent filtering, drainage, isolation, reinforcement, anti-seepage, and protective effects. It has the characteristics of lightweight, high tensile strength, good permeability, high-temperature resistance, freezing resistance, aging resistance, and corrosion resistance.
The Features of Geotextile Drainage Fabric:
1. High Strength, made by brand new polyester fiber, after the opening, cleaning, and needle punching, it becomes the fabric, which meets the requirements of the civil engineering foundation construction.
2. High Tensil strength. In the road or other landscape construction, it is used under the soil for many years. With the time going by, bearing capacity is important which requires high tensile strength. The non-woven drainage fabric is not easy to change the shape or break down, can last for long-term usage.
3. Aging resistance, the fabric can serve for a long time even 30-50 years no problem as long as it is made by virgin materials.
4. The fabric is anti-acid, anti-alkali, and mold resistant. Meanwhile, in landscape construction, it is important to protect the plants avoiding insects. This kind of fabric can also defend the plant from the insect to make the green land grow better and better.
5. Good water permeability, it can drainage water when used in the landscape.
6. High temperature and cold resistance, thus the non-woven geotextile can be applied to the different external environments.
About the market, we had exported to developed countries like France, Australia, and developing countries like Kenya, Malaysia, for landscape or garden DIY. The non-woven geotextile for drainage can be designed in 2*25 Mts, 2*50 Mts, 2*100 Mts, or according to your requirements. Now the production can do 3 kinds of packages which are regular plastic bags, PP woven bags, and vacuum plastic bags. This small package meets the great favor in-retailer business, clients would like to buy several rolls to put them in their garden or green place, for the detail application ways I will write in the coming text.
Should I use Landscape Fabric Under Gravel?
let’s see methods of using geotextiles in landscape design and gardening, when arranging territories, property owners in the suburbs are using various non-woven geotextiles for drainage. What kind of material is this and what is its purpose? Let us try to find out. Non-woven fabrics made of interwoven synthetic polymer fibers have excellent quality characteristics: abrasion resistance and corrosion resistance. Due to the best combination of characteristics, geotextiles can be used in many areas of human activities: land management, construction, and landscape design.
According to different manufacturing technologies, distinguish in the following aspects:
Needle punched geotextile produced by using a serrated needle to pull a fixed thread through the warp thread. It has excellent strength and excellent water permeability, making it used in drainage systems.
bonded geotextile is made under the influence of heat treatment of canvas, in which synthetic fibers melt and bond to each other more. It has a dense structure, high tensile strength, but low filtration performance.
Thanks to special manufacturing technology, geotextile has many indisputable advantages, the main advantages are:
Environmental friendly. Geotextiles are not decomposed into chemical components, so they will not harm human health and the environment.
High strength. The non-woven material can resist mechanical damage, puncture, and tear. The significant elongation of the fractured material (due to the infinite length of the thread) excludes damage during installation.
Resistant to environmental influences. It does not melt, silt, or rot, and is resistant to ultraviolet rays, acids, alkalis, and organic matter.
Easy to install. The material is produced in a small and light roll form, which is easy to transport and can be sawed in half with a conventional hand saw when necessary. It is very convenient to use a knife or scissors to cut the material itself during use.
Cost-effective. As geotextile has excellent quality characteristics, its cost is very low. This is because geotextiles are used in industrial buildings and household needs in suburban layouts.
The possibility of using this material makes the versatility of agricultural fibers surprising. At the same time, with the release of the new brand of geotextile, the use of this material is also expanding.
Geotextile drainage fabric is an environmental fabric, it won’t form any harmful by-product even under ultraviolet radiation. Landscape fabric for drainage allows you to realize any idea of the earth-plastic transformation of the landscape on the site. Using non-woven materials, you can create new design compositions that change the appearance of the venue.
Okay, let’s learn a few cases together.
Practical Case One: Improve the Quality of Garden Paths.
It is hard to imagine a site without a winding path into the garden. When planning the layout, you always want the result to be a beautiful and practical element of landscape design that can be used for many seasons.
The use of landscape fabric for drainage water can maintain the decorative effect and extend the life of the garden path. After all, even the equipment on a small path requires a lot of trouble: digging, backfilling the “cushion” underneath, and laying the paint itself. Yet, during the operation, when the gravel or sand layer sinks into the ground, depressions, bumps, and irregularities begin to appear on the track surface.
When laying out sandy paths and gravel sites, it is very convenient to use non-woven drainage fabric. The geotextile sandwiched between the soil and the backfill optimizes the degree of compaction, so the backfill hardly penetrates the ground. This will reduce the consumption of bulk materials, thereby saving costs. Besides, the canvas will promote the rapid outflow of water and prevent weeds and grasses from germinating. In the marshes and soft areas of the ground, non-woven materials will perform the function of durable reinforcement.
Practical Case Two: Waterproofing of Man-Made Reservoirs.
Decorative ponds are a popular landscape design element. Whether it is a miniature lake or a large swimming pool, their arrangement requires a special waterproof bowl.
During the construction of the reservoir, the bottom of the pit is usually lined with a layer of gravel or sand and covered with waterproof material.
During the operation and cleaning of the reservoir, it is always possible to damage the material due to the roots of the plants or the same stones. The use of the best geotextile fabric will simplify life. It is enough to lay agricultural fibers under the insulating layer so that you no longer have to worry about protecting the material from external damage.
If the second layer of landscape fabric for drainage geotextile is laid on top of the waterproof material, the bottom of the reservoir can be laid and decorated with river stones
Practical Case Three: Arrange The Local Area
Agricultural fibers can be used to create open areas and design rock gardens. If non-woven geotextiles for drainage are not used, the construction of terraces with wooden terraces and platforms, which are popular today, cannot be completed. It is laid as a roadbed to drop the possibility of weeds growing through the boardwalk.
A material that allows the soil to breathe and can pass moisture through it can protect the terrace or area under the summer kitchen from annoying ants and rodents.
The best geotextile fabric is easy to separate and build high embankments, reinforce the surface and strengthen the soil, drain the soil and provide enough filtering capacity.
The lining under the turf layer will drain rainwater, thereby preventing erosion and enhancing the slope of uneven surfaces. Moreover, geotextiles are essential for arranging playgrounds.
When making a children’s sandbox, the sand will not be stepped on the ground and will not mix with the ground, covering a layer of geotextile on the bottom of the geotechnical field.
Practical Case Four: Layout of Foundation and Retaining Wall
The strength and durability of any building depend on the reliability of its foundation. If we talk about the type of foundation concrete, the capillary wetting of groundwater can cause considerable damage. bonded geotextile helps to improve the waterproofness of the monolithic foundation.
When laying the foundation, the landscape fabric for drainage geotextile is used to separate fine-particle soil and gravel filling to prevent layer mixing and at the same time prevent capillary wetting of the wall.
The material can perform two functions at the same time: separating the layers and providing effective drainage, preventing the surface of the concrete foundation from being in contact with moisture for a long time.
Practical Case Five: Green Roof
Today, popular “green” roofs must also use non-woven geotextile for drainage.
To prevent the layers from mixing, the best geotextile fabrics are laid between the drainage layer and the humus, and the roof itself (on the waterproof layer) is protected. And, when the inverted roof is arranged, the material is used to prevent the filling material from entering between the insulation panels. For these purposes, it is placed on top of the insulating layer.
The versatile materials present incredible opportunities for gardeners and gardeners. The use of agricultural fiber can promote the growth process of crops, increase the yield, and solve many related problems at the same time.
Controlling weeds is an annual challenge for many gardeners. By using agricultural fibers, the labor intensity of work can be reduced. By preventing the growth of weeds, the canvas will provide enough water to the roots of garden plants, as well as fertilizer and herbicides.
Materials about the types of weed cover materials will also be useful:
By planting cultivated plants in the holes on the canvas, you can provide comfortable growth conditions for the plants and avoid tedious weeding work
It’s no secret that many ornamental plants are “tricky”. They need special care and like special soil composition, which is usually different from the soil prevailing in the area.
To distinguish between different types of fertile soil and create impromptu “pockets” for growing certain varieties, you can use the same geotextile
Creating an artificial landscape on poor soil requires arranging a fertile soil layer, which is washed into a thinner layer under the influence of natural conditions. An extra piece of the canvas will prevent the contamination and erosion of sterile soil. Thanks to the non-woven fabric, the roots of plants will not grow into sterile soil.
Night frosts during the seasons also pose a great danger to plants. The material will also help in the hot summer, covering the delicate leaves under the hot sun.
With the help of agricultural fibers, the above-ground parts of plants can also be protected. For this reason, it is enough to cover them with canvas during cold snapshots.
In a word, geotextile drainage fabric is a multi-purpose material, and its use does not need special skills. Its use simplifies the work of gardening and beautifies the environment. Dajin Geosynthetics has supplied this fabric with over 20 years of experience, we also supply HDPE and LLDPE geomembranes along with the landscape fabric for drainage, so if you are interested in doing this industry, please do not hesitate to contact us, thanks for your kindly reading!